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COOL FORAGES Advanced management of temperate forages - TABLE OF CONTENTS

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June UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #2

• For properties prone to Freshet flooding, please check the river forecasts prior to any manure applications. http://bcrfc.env.gov.bc.ca/ • Well planned manure applications are acceptable on most fields that are seeded, will be seeded within two weeks, and/or well-established grasses. • It is recommended that you plan manure applications to meet the crop nutrient requirements throughout the growing season and ensure storage facilities are as close to empty as possible by next fall. • It is the producer’s responsibility to apply manure in a manner that will not create runoff to surface water, to off-field locations, and/or leaching below the root zone. • Do not apply manure prior to significant rain events or on wet or saturated fields. • Maintain a minimum buffer distance of 5 meters from wet watercourses and ditches or 3 meters from dry watercourses and ditches during summer.

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May UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #2

Well planned manure applications are acceptable on most fields that are seeded, will be seeded within two weeks, and/or well-established grasses. It is recommended that you plan manure applications to meet the crop nutrient requirements throughout the growing season and ensure storage facilities are as close to empty as possible by next fall. It is the producer’s responsibility to apply manure in a manner that will not create runoff to surface water, to off-field locations, and/or leaching below the root zone. Do not apply manure prior to significant rain events or on wet or saturated fields. Maintain a minimum buffer distance of 5 meters from wet watercourses and ditches or 3 meters from dry watercourses and ditches during summer. Refer to Manure Spreading Advisory #2 (released April 2, 2013) for more information.

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Manure Spreading Advisory #2 for 2013: South Coast Region

Well planned manure applications are acceptable on most fields that are seeded, will be seeded within two weeks, and/or well-established grasses. Avoid manure applications on wet fields and/or saturated soils. It is the producer’s responsibility to apply manure in a manner that will not create runoff to surface water, to off field locations, and/or leaching below the root zone. Do not apply manure prior to significant rain events. Continue to check your storage areas to ensure you have enough manure storage to hold the average expected precipitation plus account for any potential increased storage circumstances such as excessive precipitation. Please read the entire advisory for details and important information to assist in the decision-making process for manure application(s) and storage.

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Manure Spreading Advisory #1 for 2013: South Coast Region

It is acceptable to apply manure on established grasses, fields being seeded within two weeks of application, and berry fields if: ­ T-Sum values are greater than 200, soil temperature is greater than 5oC, ­crop is actively growing (for established crops only), and ­ expected precipitation and manure applications will not create runoff to surface water, to off field locations, and/or leaching below the root zone. Please continue to check your storage areas to ensure you have enough manure storage to hold the average expected precipitation plus account for any potential increased storage circumstances such as excessive precipitation. • Field stored solid agricultural wastes (except agricultural vegetation waste) MUST be COVERED from October 1 to April 1, inclusive. Please read the entire advisory for details and important information to assist in the decision-making process for manure application(s) and storage.

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FEBRUARY Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #5

The Manure Spreading Advisory Committee (consisting of industry and government representatives) is advising against manure applications due to lower temperatures, excessive rain events, and lack of vegetative cover and/or reduced nutrient uptake of cover crops. The committee will monitor weather and soil conditions and will issue further advisories as conditions change.

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JANUARY Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #5 2012: South Coast Region

Field stored solid agricultural wastes (except agricultural vegetation waste) MUST be COVERED from October 1 to April 1, inclusive. Manure applications are not recommended at this time, on any crop. Significant rain events are likely to continue. Near to above average rain in fall and early winter 2012 has resulted in saturated or near saturated soil conditions over most of the South Coast Region. It is prudent to check your storage areas frequently to ensure you have enough manure storage that will include the average expected precipitation plus account for unforeseen circumstances such as excessive precipitation. Develop a contingency plan to outline an effective response in case of an emergency. The plan should include identification of nearby abandoned pits, contact information for vacuum trucks, and the 24-hour provincial environmental emergency incident reporting hotline (1-800-663-3456). Please read the entire January Manure Advisory.

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DECEMBER Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #5: south coast region

* Field stored solid agricultural wastes (except agricultural vegetation waste) MUST be COVERED from October 1 to April 1, inclusive. * Manure applications are not recommended at this time, on any crop. * Significant rain events are likely to continue. Above average rainfall in October and November has resulted in saturated or near saturated soil conditions over most of the South Coast Region.

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NOVEMBER Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #5

Field stored solid agricultural wastes (except agricultural vegetation waste) MUST be COVERED from October 1 to April 1, inclusive. Manure applications are not recommended on any crop, except well established perennial grasses, due to the extreme risk to surface and/or ground water. Manure may be applied to well established perennial grasses if ALL the following apply: 1. grass is actively growing (mean daily air temperature is above 5oC); 2. less than 10 mm of rain is forecast for the 5 days following application; 3. soil is: trafficable, not saturated, not frozen, and not subject to flooding or runoff; 4. the field is not tile drained; and 5. only a light application is needed to meet the crop’s nutrient needs.

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