Advisories

  • Manure Spreading Advisory #2 for 2014: South Coast Region

    March 10, 2014

    • Well-planned manner applications are acceptable on most fields that are seeded, will be seeded within two weeks, or have well-established grasses.
    • Do not apply manure prior to significant rain events to avoid nutrient runoff and leaching. Please check your local weather forecast and see the next page for more information.
    • Avoid manure applications on wet areas or saturated soils. Some fields will dry more quickly than others.
    • Please continue to check you have enough manure storage to hold the average expected precipitation plus any excessive precipitation.
    • Field-stored solid agricultural wastes (except agricultural vegetation waste) MUST be COVERED from October 1 to April 1, inclusive.

    Please read the entire advisory for details and important information to assist in the decision-making process for manure application(s) and storage.

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact: BC Ministry of Agriculture
    David Poon, P.Ag. 604-556-3098
    Geoff Hughes-Games, P.Ag. 604-556-3102

    For questions of a regulatory nature: BC Ministry of Environment
    George Rushworth, P.Ag. 604-582-5211

    Additional Information

    Manure Storage

    • Develop a contingency plan to outline an effective response in case of an emergency. The plan could include identification of nearby abandoned pits, contact information for vacuum trucks, and easy access to the provincial spill reporting hotline. • A review of beneficial management practices (such as those found in the Environmental Farm Plan Reference Guide) may help identify improved management practices to alleviate storage issues.

    Established Grasses

    • Manure may be applied throughout the growing season to meet crop nutrient uptake.
    • Avoid spreading on wet fields and saturated soils.
    • Plan manure applications to ensure that storage facilities will be as close to empty as possible by next October.
    • Do not apply manure within 5 meters or more of wet ditches or watercourses. Increase buffer width to avoid any contaminated runoff based on soil, soil cover conditions, slopes greater than 5%, and sensitivity of the area being protected.

    Berry and Vegetable Crops

    • Do not spread manure on berry fields between flowering and harvest or on vegetable fields after planting.
    • The use of properly composted manure should be considered if food safety issues related to manure applications are a concern and/or if nutrient leaching is a concern in sensitive areas such as unconfined aquifers.
    • Verify your food safety plan or program requirements prior to manure and/or compost applications.

    Bare Fields and Fields Prior to Planting

    • Manure applications are not recommended unless the field will be seeded within two weeks of manure application.

    Additional Resources

    Filed under: 
  • March UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #1 2014: South Coast Region

    Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #1 2014: South Coast Region Date: March 3, 2014

      • In general, manure application is not advised this week.
      • Cold temperatures and snow or rain over the past weekend have delayed the start of acceptable conditions for manure spreading in most parts of the South Coast.
      • Without adequate drainage, finer-textured soils (e.g. clays and loams) are more likely to be wet, have surface runoff, warm up slowly, and be compacted than coarse-textured (sandy) soils, if all else is the same.
      • Expect the next Manure Spreading Advisory to be released next week when weather and soil conditions improve.
      • See http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/resmgmt/ManureAdvisory/index.htm for the most current information. 

     

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact: BC Ministry of Agriculture David Poon, P.Ag 604-556-3098 Geoff Hughes-Games, P.Ag 604-556-3102 For questions of a regulatory nature: BC Ministry of Environment George Rushworth, P.Ag 604-582-5211

    Filed under: 
  • Manure Spreading Advisory #1 for 2014: South Coast Region

    Date: February 3, 2014

    • It is acceptable to apply manure on established grasses, fields being seeded within two weeks of application, and berry fields if:
        •  T-Sum value in your area is greater than 200*,
        • Soil temperature is greater than 5oC,
        • Crop is actively growing (for established crops only), and
        • Expected precipitation and manure applications will not create nutrient runoff to surface water or leaching below the root zone. Please check your local weather forecast and see the next page for more information.
    • Please continue to check you have enough manure storage to hold the average expected precipitation plus any excessive precipitation.
    • Field stored solid agricultural wastes (except agricultural vegetation waste) MUST be COVERED from October 1 to April 1, inclusive.

     *T-Sum values as of Feb 3, 2014 in select locations:

    North Delta: 121                        Abbotsford: 129        Chilliwack: 169         Agassiz: 172

    Comox: 117                     North Cowichan: 148

    Please read the entire advisory for details and important information to assist in the decision-making process for manure application and storage.

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact: BC Ministry of Agriculture
    David Poon, P.Ag. 604-556-3098
    Geoff Hughes-Games, P.Ag. 604-556-3102

    For questions of a regulatory nature: BC Ministry of Environment
    George Rushworth, P.Ag. 604-582-5211

    Additional Information

    Manure Storage

    • Develop a contingency plan to outline an effective response in case of an emergency. The plan could include identification of nearby abandoned pits, contact information for vacuum trucks, and easy access to the provincial spill reporting hotline.
    • A review of beneficial management practices (such as those found in the Environmental Farm Plan Reference Guide) may help identify improved management practices to alleviate storage issues.

    Established Grasses and Fields Prior to Planting

    • Manure may be applied to a field of established grasses if all the following apply:

    1. T-Sum value in your area is greater than 200 (see http://www.farmwest.com/climate/tsum)
    2. Soil temperature is greater than 5oC measured at a soil depth of 10 cm
    3. Grass is actively growing
    4. A minimum buffer width of 8 meters (26 feet) is maintained between the application area and sensitive areas and watercourses including ditches
    5. Less than 10 mm of accumulated precipitation is expected for the 5 days following application
    6. The field is not frozen or saturated, subject to flooding or runoff, and it is not tile-drained with the potential for manure to leave the farm

    Berry crops

    • Manure may be applied in late February but it is recommended you confirm from your food safety plan or program to determine the time requirement between manure application and crop harvest.
    • The use of properly composted manure should be considered if food safety issues related to manure applications are a concern or if nutrient leaching is a concern in sensitive areas such as over unconfined aquifers.

    Additional Resources

    Filed under: 
  • January UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory

    Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #4 2013: South Coast Region
    Date: January 7, 2014

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

      • In general, manure application is not advised until further notice
      • See Advisory #4 (Nov 4, 2013) for recommendations concerning management practices
      • The T-Sum is one consideration for deciding when new manure spreading advisories get released. However, because weather conditions vary from place to place, so does T-Sum and how quickly it increases (Table 1).

     

    Table 1. Historic T-Sum values on February 1 in BC South Coast locations.
    More information about the T-Sum can be found here: http://www.farmwest.com/climate/tsum  

    Weather station

    2013

    Long-term average

    Abbotsford

    83

    84

    Agassiz

    94

    93

    Comox

    98

    115

    N. Cowichan

    92

    113

    N. Delta

    67

    122

     

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact:  BC Ministry of Agriculture
    David Poon, P.Ag 604-556-3098
    Geoff Hughes-Games, P.Ag 604-556-3102

    For questions of a regulatory nature: BC Ministry of Environment
    George Rushworth, P.Ag 604-582-5211

    Filed under: 
  • December UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #4

    Re: Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #4 2013: South Coast Region December 2, 2013

    • In general, manure application is not advised until further notice
    • See Advisory #4 (Nov 4, 2013) for recommendations concerning management practices

     For those with manure application equipment and who are thinking ahead to next year, will you be calibrating your equipment? To be able to apply manure uniformly at desired rates, it is important to calibrate.

    • For the first calibration, water can be used as a clean alternative to liquid manures
    • In addition to the Ministry factsheet http://bit.ly/18pgtPT, you can find factsheets online from several other sources

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact: BC Ministry of Agriculture
    David Poon, P.Ag 604-556-3098
    Geoff Hughes-Games, P.Ag 604-556-3102

    For questions of a regulatory nature: BC Ministry of Environment
    George Rushworth, P.Ag 604-582-5211

    Filed under: 
  • MANURE SPREADING ADVISORY #4 2013: South Coast Region

    November 4, 2013

    • In general, manure application on any crops is not advised until further notice. See below for advice on avoiding overflowing manure pits.
    • Grasses grew for a long period this year as they took up nitrogen (N) from past manure applications. This is because of delay between N release from manure into the soil and crop N uptake from soil. The delay from the slow-release or ‘organic’ portions of manure N lasts days, weeks, and years. Waiting till next year to spread will increase the nutrient value of the manure for your crop.
    • Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading, but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.
    • Please read the entire advisory for details and important information to assist producers with decision-making about manure application.

    This advisory is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    The Manure Spreading Advisory Committee (consisting of industry and government representatives) is advising against manure applications due to lower air temperatures, the increased potential of significant rain events, and lack of vegetative cover and/or reduced nutrient uptake of cover crops. The committee will monitor weather and soil conditions and will issue further advisories as conditions change.

    Principal environmental risks associated with manure application

      • surface runoff of manure nutrients and pathogens to water courses
      • short-circuit flow of manure nutrients and pathogens to water courses though drain tiles
      • soil compaction from operating heavy equipment on fields that are very wet 

    Manure Storage

      • Winter manure applications are not recommended. It is essential to have enough manure storage to include the average expected precipitation plus account for unforeseen circumstances such as excessive precipitation. • Develop a contingency plan to outline an effective response in case of an emergency. The plan should include identification of abandoned pits and other storage facilities, contact information for vacuum trucks or commercial operators, and easy access to the provincial spill reporting hotline: 1-800-663-3456.

    Harvested Annual Crops (including corn and vegetables)

      • Manure applications are not recommended until further notice.

    Berry crops

      • Manure applications are not recommended until further notice.

    Perennial Grassland

      • Winter manure applications are not recommended.

    All measures must be taken to address the chance of overflowing manure storage (see Manure Storage above). If manure storage is not adequate and overflowing might occur please contact one of the following staff for additional manure management advice:

    George Rushworth, Ministry of Environment (604) 582-5211
    David Poon, Ministry of Agriculture (604) 556-3098
    Geoff Hughes-Games, Ministry of Agriculture (604) 556-3102
    Trevor Hamelin, Ministry of Environment (604) 582-5275

    Additional Resources

    Agricultural Waste Control Regulation
    This is the legislation that applies to manure management in British Columbia. http://www.bclaws.ca/EPLibraries/bclaws_new/document/ID/freeside/10_131_92

    Canada-BC Environmental Farm Plan Program
    Trained Planning Advisors are available to assist producers with an Environmental Farm Plan. For more information contact the ARDCorp office in Abbotsford. toll free 1-866-522-3447 or 604-854-4483 http://www.bcac.bc.ca/ardcorp/program/environmental-farm-plan-program BC Environmental Farm Plan Reference Guide provides valuable information related to farm management practices that enhance environmental values http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/resmgmt/EnviroFarmPlanning/EFP_Refguide/Refguid...

    Filed under: 
  • October UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #3 2013: South Coast Region

    Date: October 1, 2013 

    See Manure Spreading Advisory #3 (released Sep 3, 2013) for more information about how weather conditions and other factors influence manure applications.

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact: BC Ministry of Agriculture
    David Poon, P.Ag 604-556-3098
    Geoff Hughes-Games, P.Ag 604-556-3102

    For questions of a regulatory nature: BC Ministry of Environment
    George Rushworth, P.Ag 604-582-5211
    Trevor Hamelin, AScT 604 582-5275

    Filed under: 
  • Manure Spreading Advisory #3 2013: South Coast Region

    September 3, 2013

    • Perennial grasses continue to benefit from fall manure applications when applied to meet crop nutrient needs.

    • Manure applications for cover crops and newly seeded grasses should be based on a soil test and only applied if the cover crop will become well established to uptake nutrients prior to the end of the growing season. Manure applications on harvested or fallow fields are not recommended.

    • Manure should not be applied within 8 meters of ditches or watercourses. Buffer width should be increased for slopes greater than 5% and/or if the potential for runoff exists.

    • Consider wind speed and direction when applying manure and how it can have a negative impact on your neighbors. The wind can also increase ammonia loss and soil loss through erosion.

    • Reminder that field stored solid agricultural wastes (except vegetation waste) must be covered by October 1.

     

    Please read the entire advisory for details and important information regarding manure applications. 

    This advisory is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    The Manure Spreading Advisory Committee (consisting of industry and government representatives) is advising careful manure application for select fields. The committee will monitor weather and soil conditions and will issue further advisories as conditions change.

    For further information, please contact:
    BC Ministry of Agriculture Geoff Hughes-Games, P.Ag 604-556-3102
    David Poon, P.Ag 604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature:
    BC Ministry of Environment George Rushworth, P.Ag 604-582-5211
    Trevor Hamelin, AScT 604 582-5275

    Additional Information Manure Storage

    • Winter manure applications are not recommended. It is prudent to have enough manure storage to include the average expected precipitation plus account for unforeseen circumstances such as excessive precipitation.
    • Plan manure applications to empty storage facilities before the rainy season. Manure applications are recommended only for forage grasses.
    • Develop a contingency plan to outline an effective response in case of an emergency. The plan could include identification of nearby abandoned pits, contact information for vacuum trucks, and easy access to the provincial spill reporting hotline.

    Harvested Annual Crops (including corn and vegetables)

    • Manure applications are not acceptable on harvested fields.

    Cover Crops

    • Manure applications should only be considered if a fall soil test shows the need for nutrients and a winter cover crop has been or will be established before the end of the growing season.
    • As the days get shorter and colder, cover crops are less able to take up nutrients. Also, as fall rains arrive, the risk of nutrient runoff and leaching increases.
    • Residual nutrients from the summer crop may be present in the soil and in sufficient quantity to support the winter cover.

    Perennial Grassland

    • Manure application on perennial grasses is usually appropriate as long as crop growth and warmer weather patterns (greater than 5oC) continue; fields are trafficable; and precipitation does not create runoff.
    • Application rates should meet crop nutrient requirements.
    • Appropriate buffer widths should be maintained to minimize runoff risks.

    Berry crops

    • Fall manure applications for berry crops is not necessary or recommended.
    • If manure is used on fields that are being renovated for new plantings, a cover crop should also be planted. The cover crop should be planted in a timely manner such that it becomes well established prior to the end of the growing season. Consider the recommendations made for raspberries in the Berry Production Guide, http://productionguide.agrifoodbc.ca/guides/14

    Additional Resources

    Filed under: 
  • August UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #2

    Re: Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #2 2013: South Coast Region

    Date: AUGUST 1, 2013

    • Well planned manure applications are acceptable on most forage crops and/or well-established grasses.
    •  Do not spread manure on berry fields between flowering and harvest or on vegetable fields after planting.
    • It is recommended that manure applications be planned to meet the crop nutrient requirements throughout the growing season and ensure storage facilities are as close to empty as possible by next fall.
    • It is the producer’s responsibility to apply manure in a manner that will not create runoff to surface water, to off-field locations, and/or leaching below the root zone.
    • Do not apply manure prior to significant rain events or on wet or saturated fields. Application rates should also be reduced when applying manure on very dry soils as they may be more susceptible to run off or on cracked soils as the channels increase nutrient infiltration below the root zone.
    • Maintain a minimum buffer distance of 5 meters from wet watercourses and ditches or 3 meters from dry watercourses and ditches during summer.

    Refer to Manure Spreading Advisory #2 (released April 2, 2013) for more information.

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact: BC Ministry of Agriculture
    Geoff Hughes-Games, P.Ag 604-556-3102
    Lolita Aumuller, P.Ag 604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature: BC Ministry of Environment
    George Rushworth, P.Ag 604-582-5211
    Trevor Hamelin, AScT 604 582-5275

    Filed under: 
  • July UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #2

    Re: Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #2 2013: South Coast Region

    Date: JULY 2, 2013

    • Well planned manure applications are acceptable on most fields that are seeded, will be seeded within two weeks, and/or well-established grasses.
    • It is recommended that manure applications be planned to meet the crop nutrient requirements throughout the growing season and ensure storage facilities are as close to empty as possible by next fall.
    • It is the producer’s responsibility to apply manure in a manner that will not create runoff to surface water, to off-field locations, and/or leaching below the root zone.
    • Do not apply manure prior to significant rain events or on wet or saturated fields.
    • Maintain a minimum buffer distance of 5 meters from wet watercourses and ditches or 3 meters from dry watercourses and ditches during summer.
    • Do not spread manure on berry fields between flowering and harvest or on vegetable fields after planting.

    Refer to Manure Spreading Advisory #2 (released April 2, 2013) for more information.

     

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact: BC Ministry of Agriculture
    Geoff Hughes-Games, P.Ag 604-556-3102 
    Lolita Aumuller, P.Ag 604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature: BC Ministry of Environment
    George Rushworth, P.Ag 604-582-5211
    Trevor Hamelin, AScT 604 582-5275

    Filed under: 

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