Advisories

  • DECEMBER Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #3 of 2017: South Coast Region

    Date: Dec 4, 2017

    Refer to Manure Spreading Advisory #3 of 2017 (Nov 1, 2017) for the current Advisory:

    “in general, manure application on any crops is not advised.”

    The following Update does not change the Advisory.

    During the time of year when manure applications are not advised, thoughts turn to manure storage. Adequate manure storage on the farm allows for manure to be applied when it will provide the best nutrient contribution to crops.

    In most regions of B.C., 180 - 200 days should be considered as a minimum amount of time that manure will need to be stored. To assess your current storage or to support any decision to expand your herd it is helpful to determine a total manure storage capacity. This should consider animal numbers, manure handling, contribution of other waste or water to manure, and the desired storage period.

    The B.C. Ministry of Agriculture has a factsheet “Sizing Dairy Manure Storage Structures” to help determine storage capacity.

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution. This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the Environmental Management Act. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the legislation. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact B.C. Ministry of Agriculture: Jeff Nimmo, P.Ag. 604-556-3109 David Poon, P.Ag. 604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature, please contact the B.C. Ministry of Environment:
    To report a spill 1-800-663-3456
    To report pollution 1-877-952-7277

    Filed under: 
  • Manure Spreading Advisory #3 for 2017: South Coast Region

    Date: November 1, 2017

    In general, manure application on any crops is not advised until further notice. See below for advice on avoiding overflowing manure pits.

    • Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading.  Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading, but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.
    • Please read the entire advisory for details and important information to assist producers with decision-making about manure application.

     The Manure Spreading Advisory Committee (consisting of industry and government representatives) is advising against manure applications due to lower air temperatures, the increased potential of significant rain events, and lack of vegetative cover and/or reduced nutrient uptake of cover crops. The committee will monitor weather and soil conditions and will issue further advisories as conditions change.

    Principal environmental risks associated with manure application

    • surface runoff of manure nutrients and pathogens to water courses
    • short-circuit flow of manure nutrients and pathogens to water courses though drain tiles
    • soil compaction from operating heavy equipment on fields that are very wet

    This advisory is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the Environmental Management Act. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

     

    For further information, please contact BC Ministry of Agriculture:

    Jeff Nimmo, P.Ag.                         604-556-3109

    David Poon, P.Ag.                         604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature, please contact the BC Ministry of Environment:

    To report a spill                                1-800-663-3456

    To report pollution                          1-877-952-7277


    Additional Information

     

    Manure Storage

    • Winter manure applications are not recommended. It is essential to have enough manure storage to include the average expected precipitation plus account for unforeseen circumstances such as excessive precipitation.
    • Develop a contingency plan to outline an effective response in case of an emergency. The plan should include identification of abandoned pits and other storage facilities, contact information for vacuum trucks or commercial operators, and easy access to the provincial spill reporting hotline: 1-800-663-3456.

     

    Harvested Annual Crops (including corn and vegetables)

    • Manure applications are not recommended.

     

    Berry crops

    • Manure applications are not recommended.

     

    Perennial Grassland

    • Winter manure applications are not recommended. All measures must be taken to address the chance of overflowing manure storage (see Manure Storage above). If manure storage is not adequate and overflowing might occur please contact one of the BC Ministry of Agriculture staff on the first page.

     

    Additional Resources

    • Agricultural Waste Control Regulation

    This is the legislation that applies to manure management in British Columbia.

    http://www.bclaws.ca/EPLibraries/bclaws_new/document/ID/freeside/10_131_92

    • Canada-BC Environmental Farm Plan Program

    Trained Planning Advisors are available to assist producers with an Environmental Farm Plan. For more information contact the ARDCorp office in Abbotsford.

    ­  toll free 1-866-522-3447 or 604-854-4483 http://www.bcac.bc.ca/ardcorp/program/environmental-farm-plan-program

    ­  BC Environmental Farm Plan Reference Guide provides valuable information related to farm management practices that enhance environmental values

    http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/agriculture-seafood/programs/environmental-programs/environmental-farm-plan

     

    • B.C Good Agricultural Practices (GAP)

    The BC Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) Guide can assist producers to implement food safety practices at the farm. It offers a whole-farm approach covering all aspects of crop and livestock production. Visit http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/agriculture-seafood/food-safety/good-agricultural-practices.

     

    Filed under: 
  • Manure Spreading Advisory #2 for 2017: South Coast Region

    Date: Sept 5 2017

    • Perennial grasses continue to benefit from fall manure applications when applied to meet crop nutrient needs.
    • Manure applications for cover crops and newly seeded grasses should be based on a soil test and only applied if the cover crop will become well established to uptake nutrients prior to the end of the growing season.
    • Manure should not be applied within 8 meters of ditches or watercourses.  Buffer width should be increased for slopes greater than 5% and/or if the potential for runoff exists.
    • Consider wind speed and direction when applying manure and  how it can have a negative impact on your neighbours.  The wind can also increase ammonia loss and soil loss through erosion.
    • Reminder that field stored solid agricultural wastes (except vegetation waste) must be covered by October 1.

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This advisory is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the Environmental Management Act. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact BC Ministry of Agriculture:
    Jeff Nimmo, P.Ag. 604-556-3109
    David Poon, P.Ag. 604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature, please contact the BC Ministry of Environment:
    To report a spill 1-800-663-3456
    To report pollution 1-877-952-7277

    The Manure Spreading Advisory Committee (consisting of industry and government representatives) is advising careful manure application for select fields. The committee will monitor weather and soil conditions and will issue further advisories as conditions change.

    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

    Manure Storage

    • Winter manure applications are not recommended. It is prudent to have enough manure storage to include the average expected precipitation plus account for unforeseen circumstances such as excessive precipitation.
    • Plan manure applications to empty storage facilities before the rainy season. Manure applications are recommended only for forage grasses.
    • Develop a contingency plan to outline an effective response in case of an emergency. The plan could include identification of nearby abandoned pits, contact information for vacuum trucks, and easy access to the provincial spill reporting hotline.


    Harvested Annual Crops (including corn and vegetables)

    • Manure applications are not acceptable on harvested fields.


    Cover Crops

    • Manure applications should only be considered if a fall soil test shows the need for nutrients and a winter cover crop has been or will be established before the end of the growing season.
    • As the days get shorter and colder, cover crops are less able to take up nutrients. Also, as fall rains arrive, the risk of nutrient runoff and leaching increases.
    • Residual nutrients from the summer crop may be present in the soil and in sufficient quantity to support the winter cover.


    Perennial Grassland

    • Manure application on perennial grasses is usually appropriate as long as crop growth and warmer weather patterns (greater than 5oC) continue; fields are trafficable; and precipitation does not create runoff.
    • Application rates should meet crop nutrient requirements.
    • Appropriate buffer widths should be maintained to minimize runoff risks.


    Berry Crops

    • Fall manure applications for berry crops is not necessary or recommended.
    • If manure is used on fields that are being renovated for new plantings, a cover crop should also be planted. The cover crop should be planted in a timely manner such that it becomes well established prior to the end of the growing season. Consider the recommendations made for raspberries in the Berry Production Guide, http://productionguide.agrifoodbc.ca/guides/14


    Additional Resources

    Filed under: 
  • August UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #1 of 2017: South Coast Region

    Date: Aug 1, 2017  
    Refer to Manure Spreading Advisory #1 of 2017 (April 3, 2017) for the current Advisory.  The following Update does not change the Advisory.

    This update will look at an aspect of the Right Rate – one of the 4R’s of nutrient management.  To know the nutrient value of what you apply, you need to know your spreader application rates.

    A reliable, quick method to calibrate your estimates is the following:

    1a. Drive the spreader over a series of pails/jars (liquid manure) OR…
    1b. Drive the spreader by a series of plastic sheets within the spread pattern (solid manure)

    2a. Measure the depth of liquid in each pail/jar. Average the depths. (liquid manure) OR…
    2b. Weigh the manure on the sheets. Average the weights. (solid manure)

    3a. Use the chart below to determine your application rates.

    Liquid manure
    Calibrations Using a Straight-Walled Pail/Jar   
     Solid manure
    Calibrations using a 40 x 48 inch sheet
    (opened feedbag)
    Depth of manure in pail/jarApplication rateManure per sheetApplication rate
    inchescmimperial gallons/acre*L/halbkgtons/acret/ha
    1/100.25 2,250 25,2000.45 1.6 3.6 
    1/80.3  3,000 33,60020.91  3.2 7.2
    1/40.6 5,500 61,600 1.4 4.8 10.7 
    3/80.9 8,500 95,200 1.8 6.4 14.3 
    1/21.3 11,250 126,000 2.3 8.0 17.9 
    5/81.6 14,000 156,000 3.2 11.2 25.0 
    3/41.9 17,000 190,400 10 4.5 16.0 35.9 
    12.5 22,500 252,000 15 6.7 24.0 53.8 

    *Tankers may be sold in US gallon capacity. 1 imperial gallon = 1.2 US gallons.

    The factsheet “Choosing and Calibrating Manure Application Equipment” has calculations to determine uniformity of application and travel speeds based on desired application rates.

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the Environmental Management Act. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the legislation. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

     

    For further information, please contact BC Ministry of Agriculture:

    Jeff Nimmo, P.Ag.               604-556-3109

    David Poon, P.Ag.               604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature, please contact the BC Ministry of Environment:

    To report a spill                1-800-663-3456

    To report pollution          1-877-952-7277

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Filed under: 
  • JULY Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #1 of 2017: South Coast Region

    Date: July 6, 2017

    Refer to Manure Spreading Advisory #1 of 2017 (April 3, 2017) for the current Advisory. The following Update does not change the Advisory. Continue to use a minimum buffer distance of 5 meters from wet watercourses and ditches or 3 meters from dry watercourses and ditches during summer.

    Last month’s update related to the loss of nitrogen (N) from manure during warm weather and continues to be relevant throughout the summer.

    Manure Nutrient Composition
    Particularly during seasonal conditions where ammonia volatilization may be higher, it is important to remember that more nutrients than N are supplied with each manure application. Unlike N, these other nutrients are not volatilized, and their proportions relative to N will change if significant amounts of N are lost during application.

    Animal manures have more total phosphorus (P) per unit of total N compared to the P and N which a crop removes in a growing season. Using manure exclusively and repeatedly to meet crop N needs tends to result in over-fertilization of P, a nutrient of environmental concern in surface water.

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the Environmental Management Act. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the legislation. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact BC Ministry of Agriculture:
    Jeff Nimmo, P.Ag. 604-556-3109
    David Poon, P.Ag. 604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature, please contact the BC Ministry of Environment: To report a spill 1-800-663-3456 To report pollution 1-877-952-7277

    Filed under: 
  • JUNE Update to Manure Spreading Advisory #1 of 2017: South Coast Region

    Date: June 1, 2017

    Refer to Manure Spreading Advisory #1 of 2017 (April 3, 2017) for the current Advisory.

    The following Update does not change the Advisory. Considerations for spreading manure during warm weather With the onset of warm weather around the South Coast of BC it is important to consider the impact of high temperatures on nitrogen (N) loss from manure. Volatilization of ammonia during and shortly after application is greatly increased when temperatures are high. Several other factors including manure composition, time to incorporation, wind, soil pH and moisture, and application method will impact ammonia loss as well. However, spreading manure when temperatures are above 25°C can result in a loss of 50% of the ammonia N within three hours of application.

    To avoid losing the readily available ammonia N in your manure

    • Apply during the cooler times of day and when wind speeds are low
    • Incorporate the manure as soon as possible

    Farmwest.com provides an Ammonia Loss From Manure calculator which can help predict the potential N loss during manure application. Losing ammonia from manure is a direct loss of its fertilizer value and should be considered when planning application timing and calculating manure’s contribution to crop N requirements.

    Filed under: 
  • Manure Spreading Advisory #1 for 2017: South Coast Region

    Effective April 3, 2017

    It is acceptable to apply manure on established grasses, fields being seeded within two weeks of application, and berry fields if: ­

    • T-Sum values are greater than 200, ­
    • Soil temperature is greater than 5oC, ­
    • Crop is actively growing (for established crops only), and ­
    • Expected precipitation and manure applications will not create runoff to surface water, to off field locations, and/or leaching below the root zone. Please check your local weather forecast and see next page for more information.


    Please continue to check your storage areas to ensure you have enough manure storage to hold the average expected precipitation plus account for any potential increased storage circumstances such as excessive precipitation.

    Please read the entire advisory for details and important information to assist in the decision-making process for manure application(s) and storage.

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This advisory is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the Environmental Management Act. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact BC Ministry of Agriculture:

    Jeff Nimmo, P.Ag.               604-556-3109

    David Poon, P.Ag.               604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature, please contact the BC Ministry of Environment:

    To report a spill                1-800-663-3456

    To report pollution          1-877-952-7277

    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

    Manure Storage

    • Develop a contingency plan to outline an effective response in case of an emergency. The plan could include identification of nearby abandoned pits, contact information for vacuum trucks, and easy access to the provincial spill reporting hotline.
    • A review of beneficial management practices (such as those found in the Environmental Farm Plan Reference Guide) may help identify improved management practices to alleviate storage issues.

    Established Grasses and Fields Prior to Planting

    • Manure may be applied to established grasses if all the following apply:

    1.   T-Sum value in your area if greater than 200 (see http://www.farmwest.com/climate/tsum);

    2.   Soil temperature is greater than 5oC measured at a soil depth of 10 cm;

    3.   Grass is actively growing or;

    4.   A minimum buffer width of 5 meters (16 feet) is maintained between the application area and sensitive areas and watercourses including ditches;

    5.   Less than 10 mm of accumulated precipitation is expected for the 5 days following application; and

    6.   The field is not frozen or saturated; subject to flooding or runoff; and is not tile drained with the potential for manure to leave the farm.

    Berry crops

    • Manure may be applied in late February but it is recommended you confirm from your food safety plan or program to determine the time requirement between manure application and crop harvest.
    • The use of properly composted manure should be considered if food safety issues related to manure applications are a concern and/or if nutrient leaching is a concern in sensitive areas such as unconfined aquifers.

     

    Additional Resources

    ·      Agricultural Waste Control Regulation   -  This is the actual legislation that applies to manure management in British Columbia.

    ·      Environmental Farm Plan Reference Guide (Canada-BC EFP Program)

    ·      Nutrient Management Reference Guide (Canada-BC EFP Program)

    ·      Ammonia Loss from Manure interactive tool at: http://www.farmwest.com/climate/ammonia

     

     

     

    Filed under: 
  • March UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #4 of 2016: South Coast Region

    Refer to Manure Spreading Advisory #4 of 2016 (November 7, 2016) for the current Advisory: “in general, manure application on any crops is not advised.”

    Soils remain wet throughout the Fraser Valley. Manure application on wet or frozen ground followed by significant precipitation would present a very high risk of pollution occurring from runoff.

    The continued cold weather in the Fraser Valley means established grass fields will take longer than previous years to benefit from manure spreading. Watch the T-Sum, a sum of daily mean temperatures above 0°C, for your area increase at Farmwest.com. The T-Sum is one factor used to determine appropriate timing for the first manure application on grass fields. More importantly, however, decisions about the first manure application should consider the overall risks of runoff from the field, not just the state of the grasses. On some but not all fields, conditions will be suitable for manure application before T-Sum reaches 200. On other fields, conditions will not be suitable even after T-Sum reaches 200 (e.g. if fields are still saturated from rains).

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the Environmental Management Act. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the legislation. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    Filed under: 
  • February UPDATE to Manure Spreading Advisory #4 of 2016: South Coast Region

    Date: February 1, 2017

    Refer to Manure Spreading Advisory #4 of 2016 (November 7, 2016) for the current Advisory: “in general, manure application on any crops is not advised.”

    T-Sum values, a sum of daily mean temperatures above 0°C, for the region are listed below. With a colder than average winter, values are lower than last year and the historical average. It will likely take longer than previous years for established grass fields to benefit from manure spreading.

    T-Sum as of January 30, 2017

          2017          2016     Historical Average     
    Abbotsford          6012087
    Chilliwack          7677106
    North Delta          69131120

     

    Watch the T-Sum for your area increase at Farmwest.com. The T-Sum is one factor used to determine appropriate timing for the first manure application on grass fields. More importantly, however, decisions about the first manure application should consider the overall risks of runoff from the field, not just the state of the grasses. On some but not all fields, conditions will be suitable for manure application before T-Sum reaches 200. On other fields, conditions will not be suitable even after T-Sum reaches 200 (e.g. if fields are still saturated from rains).

    Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading. Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.

    This Update is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the Environmental Management Act. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the legislation. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact BC Ministry of Agriculture:
    Jeff Nimmo, P.Ag. 604-556-3109
    David Poon, P.Ag. 604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature, please contact the BC Ministry of Environment:
    To report a spill 1-800-663-3456
    To report pollution 1-877-952-7277

    Filed under: 
  • Manure Spreading Advisory #4 2016: South Coast Region

    November 7, 2016

     In general, manure application on any crops is not advised until further notice.  See below for advice on avoiding overflowing manure pits.

    • Producers are responsible for decisions regarding manure spreading.  Legislation gives no specific dates for manure spreading, but it does not allow for manure to be spread in a manner that causes pollution.
    • Please read the entire advisory for details and important informationt to assist producers with decision-making about manure application.

    The Manure Spreading Advisory Committee (consisting of industry and government representatives) is advising against manure applications due to lower air temperatures, the increased potential of significant rain events, and lack of vegetative cover and/or reduced nutrient uptake of cover crops. The committee will monitor weather and soil conditions and will issue further advisories as conditions change.

    Principal environmental risks associated with manure application

    • surface runoff of manure nutrients and pathogens to water courses
    • short-circuit flow of manure nutrients and pathogens to water courses though drain tiles
    • soil compaction from operating heavy equipment on fields that are very wet

    This advisory is produced by government, in partnership with industry, to provide guidance to farmers regarding the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation and the environmental Management Act. If a discrepancy arises between this document and the legislation, the legislation takes precedence. Following this advisory does not relieve anyone from their obligations under the LEGISLATION. The Province of British Columbia does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information referenced here from legislation, and in no event is the Province liable or responsible for damages of any kind arising out of its use.

    For further information, please contact BC Ministry of Agriculture:
    Jeff Nimmo, P.Ag. 604-556-3109
    David Poon, P.Ag. 604-556-3098

    For questions of a regulatory nature, please contact the BC Ministry of Environment:
    To report a spill 1-800-663-3456
    To report pollution 1-877-952-7277

    Additional Information

    Manure Storage

    • Winter manure applications are not recommended. It is essential to have enough manure storage to include the average expected precipitation plus account for unforeseen circumstances such as excessive precipitation.
    • Develop a contingency plan to outline an effective response in case of an emergency. The plan should include identification of abandoned pits and other storage facilities, contact information for vacuum trucks or commercial operators, and easy access to the provincial spill reporting hotline: 1-800-663-3456.

    Harvested Annual Crops (including corn and vegetables)

    • Manure applications are not recommended.

    Berry crops

    • Manure applications are not recommended.

    Perennial Grassland

    • Winter manure applications are not recommended. All measures must be taken to address the chance of overflowing manure storage (see Manure Storage above). If manure storage is not adequate and overflowing might occur please contact one of the BC Ministry of Agriculture staff on the first page.


    Additional Resources

    Filed under: 

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